According to market research firm Technavio latest research results show that by 2020, the global market value of plant growth lamps will be more than 3 billion US dollars, 2016 to 2020 will be 12% compound annual growth rate, showing that LED applications in the field of plant growth Has a huge market potential.
At present, some lighting companies to accelerate the layout of plant lighting, from 2010, Japan's Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation with large containers into a "plant", and LED light source for crop photosynthesis. So far, LED in the field of plant lighting applications gradually kicked off. In fact, many foreign LED companies have begun to layout plant lighting market, competition is quietly carried out.
1, Philips lighting
As the leading manufacturer of lighting, Philips has been in the field of plant lighting for 50 years, and in-depth cooperation with growers around the world, different light formulations, different lighting conditions and different modes of production to plant production has a very rich impact experience.
At the same time, Philips has a strong team of plant specialists, team members have in the world-renowned universities, research institutes engaged in plant research or related areas of work experience. In addition, Philips also with the Netherlands Wageningen University and other well-known research institutions, has been a lot of light recipe technical support. These data have been accumulated and collected.
Philips is the current industry chain integration of a more complete LED business, the strength of technology, the company has been in Europe and Asia, many countries to implement its LED plant lighting program, coupled with the parent company is the Netherlands is a modern horticultural agricultural technology leading country, with Good industry, technical and cultural background.
OSRAM as a sustained attention to the development of LED technology multinational companies, has now formed an epitaxial chip, LED devices, fluorescent materials, applications and other industrial chain layout. In recent years, OSRAM will gradually focus on the application of LED lights in the application level, to grab the agricultural market.
In recent years, OSRAM according to the wavelength of the plant lighting, launched a dark blue 450nm, red 660nm, far red 730nm LED products, including 730nm far red LED is Oslo designed for plant lighting and the development of new products, Plant from germination to vegetative growth to flowering throughout the process. Has won the 2015 North American Lighting Exhibition Technology Innovation Award.
At present, OSRAM in the global LED market has a more complete patent layout, if the joint holding of the downstream manufacturers or research institutions to enter the field of plant lighting will have a strong competitive edge.
3, GE lighting
GE is one of the major suppliers of plant growth light sources in China. Its high pressure sodium lamps are widely used in China's vegetable greenhouses as artificial light sources. Customer resource-rich, high market recognition. With the LED technology continues to improve, GE has gradually introduced LED plant light source new products.
GE's LED plant lamps are capable of uniformly dispersing high-pointing LED light and illuminating different wavelengths according to the plant's growth stage. For example, in the early stages after coming out of the nursery room, white light and red LED light sources are mixed with partial white light to promote photosynthesis. Then, the red light emitted by the LED illumination from the red and blue LED light source is irradiated to promote the growth of the leaves and the roots. Near the harvest period, will once again illuminate the white light to promote photosynthesis. With this approach, not only the power consumption is reduced by 40% compared to the mere use of fluorescent lamps, but the same area is increased by 50%.
4, Mitsubishi Chemical
Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation from 2012 to sell the use of LED (light-emitting diode) lighting plant plant system. The first set of products has been sold to the factory of MirUpakovki, a plastic product forming and processing company in St. Petersburg, Russia. The system will be installed in the plant's underground floor, all using LED as a photosynthetic light source, used to cultivate lettuce and leafy vegetables.
In 2014, Japan's Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings Group, together with China's China National Federation of Supply and Marketing Cooperatives, launched a pesticide-free vegetable cultivation system throughout China. Plans to build plant plants in 20 locations in 15 locations in 15 provinces in China before 2017. It is said that Japanese companies in China through the commercial model of large-scale promotion of plant plant business is the first time.
Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation in the field of LED raw materials, chip packaging has a number of independent intellectual property rights, and can produce their own plant lighting related LED products, its own shares of plant cultivation plant enterprises, with a complete industrial chain structure. Products on the market will have a strong market competitiveness, the current main market targets concentrated in Japan.
5, Japan pot Qing company
Japanese pot cleaning company engaged in electronic components business in April 2009 15 to 17 at the exhibition held in Tokyo, showing the acceptance of three different colors of LED lighting plant growth.
The growth of each seedling was compared with a red LED with a wavelength of 630 mm, a 430 mm blue LED, and a pink LED with a combination of red and blue LEDs for the same size for 3 weeks. The results show that pink LED lighting is most conducive to promoting plant growth.
In addition, the pot is still in the sink to show a completely waterproof LED lighting equipment. The product is also available in a curved type that can be used for plant cultivation that requires indoor lighting and sprinkling. Pot Qing future plans to focus on the application of LED in the electric chrysanthemum.
6, Showa Electric
As an international lighting company, Japan's Showa Denko has a wide range of intellectual property rights in the field of LED plant lighting, and a number of patents apply to the world in PCT. At present the main market positioning in the country.
In the process of carrying out plant business, Showa Denko took "light" as its own weapon. The plant plant has two characteristics, one is the development of efficient development of the most suitable for photosynthesis of red LED, the second is the rapid planting of plants "SHIGYO" technology.
The SHIGYO method is a rare way to promote the growth of plants by changing the exposure pattern while alternately irradiating red and blue light with the plant's growth process. The technology was developed by Showa Denko and Yamaguchi University Faculty of Agriculture. Although the specific exposure conditions are technically confidential and are not disclosed, the harvest of leafy vegetables has increased by about twice as much as the usual fluorescent lamps and red and blue compared to fixed LED lighting. This has created the possibility of shortening the delivery cycle and increasing the yield per unit area, which is expected to help the plant plant to shorten the investment payback period with the problem of compression production costs.
After the development of the SHIGYO method, Showa Denko's business has undergone tremendous transformation from the manufacture and sale of a single business of the 660nm high-brightness LED chip to a plant plant system that uses LEDs.
In 2014, Toshiba set up a "clean room vegetable garden" in the idle floppy factory in Yokosuka, Kanagawa, and planted thousands of lettuce, spinach and beet and other vegetable varieties on the production line that used to assemble the floppy disk. As a food manufacturer, Toshiba has a natural advantage, because it can produce almost all the equipment to help plant growth, including artificial lighting, power equipment, water purifiers, and for the control of temperature and environmental growth molds. In the original environment used to produce electronic equipment cultivation of vegetables, because there is no bacteria breeding, vegetables will be more fresh, edible period will be extended.
In addition, Japan's Toshiba is also preparing to build new plants overseas, has begun to consider in China and other Asian countries to build large-scale plant. This is because China and other places are gradually forming the habit of raw vegetables, may be cultivated in the clean room clean, safe vegetables have a huge demand. In addition, the effective use of valuable water supply of vegetable production in the Middle East stable supply throughout the year and in the cold regions such as Russia will also be a powerful weapon.
In 2013, Fujitsu will be the suspension of the Fukushima Prefecture will be modified into a lettuce plant factory, the use of sensor monitoring technology, in the sterile clean room to cultivate lettuce. Fujitsu said that this lettuce does not have to be cleaned and can be consumed directly, and because potassium content is only 86% of the total lettuce potassium content, more suitable for patients with severe kidney disease. One of the major features of the plant is the use of previously idle semiconductor cleaning shop. "As the number of bacteria is much less than the average cultivation environment, it can produce vegetables that can store longer times," Fujitsu said.
At present, Fujitsu's free lettuce production of 3500 trees, with an annual output of up to 1.3 million trees. It is estimated that this type of lettuce is unusually high, every 500 grams of 500 yen (about 30.5 yuan), ultra-pork price ten times. Fujitsu set the annual profit target for lettuce at around 150 million yen (about 8 million yuan) and reached 400 million yen (about 20 million yuan) in 2016.
In recent years, Fujitsu has used manufacturing technology in plant plants, significantly reducing agricultural production costs. The use of energy-saving technology has become the driving force of small and medium enterprises to enter the plant factory, and plans to promote to the emerging countries, to help its agricultural development.
9, Japan Electric (NEC)
Founded in November 1996, NEC (China) Co., Ltd. is a wholly owned subsidiary of NEC Corporation of Japan. It is principally engaged in the research and development and sales of new products and new technologies in the field of electronic communication. The investment enterprises and the parent company to provide advisory services.
NEC and Japan (China) Co., Ltd. in China to invest in the establishment of 13 enterprises, involving areas such as mobile communications, semiconductors, optical communications, switches and microwave. In the production, sale, after-sales service to achieve a sound system. NEC Corporation after years of hard work, investment in China, technology transfer, China's information technology infrastructure construction of major projects has made remarkable achievements. At present, the total business in China is $ 2.1 billion and the number of employees is about 5,500.
In the future, NEC will continue to strengthen cooperation with the Chinese government, enterprises and institutions, and constantly improve the business system in China. NEC currently plant-related products are also aquarium lights. In the field of algae cultivation has a certain degree of competitiveness.
Beginning in 2009, Sharp began a joint study with strawberry cultivation at Osaka Prefectural University and began experimenting in Dubai in 2013. In the trial, the largest share of the strawberry varieties in the Japanese market, "Tochigi B", was cultivated from germination and about three months later. Each fruit weight of about 25 grams, sweetness of about 9 to 10, can be said to have and in the Japanese market sales of high-grade strawberries as high quality.
In addition, Sharp is also building a plant in Berlin plant cultivation plant laboratory, and has begun to experiment. Sharp has introduced its expertise in the laboratory building, including light control technology using LED lighting, air management technology based on plasma cluster technology. Through these technologies very carefully control the growth of strawberry environment. Sharp intends to carry out a variety of empirical experiments to achieve business goals. Compared with Japan, Dubai's light and heat resources and labor costs are more affordable, plant plant operating costs are lower.
Sharp's strawberry cultivation using a number of LED and other original technology, hope that through the introduction of new business to accelerate the pace of reorganization. Sharp will place experimental equipment in Dubai, for trading companies and local supermarkets, restaurants and other promotions. The future may also extend the business beyond the UAE.
Matsushita began researching the artificial plant plant system in 2012 and built an experimental plant in the Fukushima factory in August 2013 and began selling the system from April 2014.
Matsushita delivered the "Artificial Light Plant Plant System" to SG Green house, a subsidiary of Japan's western gas company, in 2016. SG Green house from January 2016 began to implement the cultivation of empirical experiments, will be sold from May 20 will be reduced to 20% of the original 20% (98mg / 100g below) "low potassium lettuce."
The artificial plant system and cultivation technology of the project combines a number of Panasonic technologies, including the use of energy conservation, analysis and optical technology of plant cultivation control technology, lighting, air conditioning and other environmental control technology, the use of nanoe nano water ion Bacteria technology, communications and network technology. According to Panasonic, the plant plant system will reduce the power consumption at the same time provide a homogeneous cultivation environment, improve the cultivation rate, contribute to the industrialization of agriculture. SG Green house will be set in the new cultivation of the system, can produce 3500 low potassium lettuce.
To sum up :
At present, LED lamp sales market is mainly concentrated in Japan, South Korea, Central America, Europe and other countries engaged in less agricultural countries and regions. The future with the LED plant growth lamp technology to enhance its application market will enter the outbreak period.
It can be said, whether from the perspective of promoting the development of modern agriculture, or to achieve energy saving and environmental protection point of view, LED plant lights used in agriculture have a very important significance, and agricultural status and development needs for LED plant lights to provide a new development opportunity.
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